TB Facts:

  • In 2013, 9 million people were diagnosed with TB and 1.5 million died from it
  • TB is the second largest killer among infectious diseases (after HIV)
  • TB is a common secondary infection in HIV+ individuals, and one of the major causes of death in AIDS
  • In 2013, 360,000 AIDS sufferers died from TB
  • TB is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • About one third of the world's population carries the TB pathogen in a dormant form
  • TB is diagnosed by chest X-ray, microbiological analysis of sputum and immunological tests
  • The standard treatment for TB involves 6 months of antimicrobial therapy with 4 drugs
  • Multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) can arise due to incomplete treatment
  • In 2013, 450,000 people were diagnosed with MDR-TB
  • BCG is the only available vaccine against TB, but it is not always effective

 

2013tbincidence
                                             Source: WHO TB Report 2013

 

 

Further Information about TB:

WHO TB Fact Sheet

Stop TB Partnership

Aeras

NHS - TB Information

TB Vaccine Initiative